The Non-Communicable Diseases Department of the Directorate General of Primary Health Care, represented by the National Cancer Registry, has issued the Cancer Incidence Report in Oman for 2018.
The 2018 statistics showed that the total number of cancer cases recorded in the sultanate was 2,118, including 1,911 cases among Omanis (836 among males and 1,075 among females).
Cancer incidence among the age group 20–49 years is 34.9 per cent of the total number of cases. The report indicates an increase in the incidence rate to 112.4 per 100,000 inhabitants in 2018 compared to 105 per 100,000 of population in 2015.
The global prospects estimate that the number of new cases diagnosed with cancer will reach 24mn in 2030 worldwide. The global increase of cancer incidence is likely due to the population growth, population ageing, as well as the economic and social developments such as unhealthy food and lack of physical activity.
In Oman, breast cancer is the most common cancer among females, followed by colorectal cancer and thyroid cancer.
The average age at diagnosing women was 48 years for breast cancer, 58 years for colorectal cancer, and 37 years for thyroid cancer.
Furthermore, 32 per cent of breast cancer cases were diagnosed in the third and fourth phases and 49 per cent of colorectal cancer cases in the third and fourth phases.
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