The Booz Allen Hamilton IoT Field Guide also states that industries are moving to IoT at a pace that is far greater than the ability to secure it. Traditional IT systems are generally self-contained and easy to protect. IoT, on the other hand, connects systems with tens of thousands of sensors and other devices around the world, resulting in a much higher variety and volume of potential threat.
Oman has been the target of over 16,000 cyberattacks this year and Kaspersky Labs found that 23 per cent of Internet users in Oman are affected by online threats. Companies can probably save money by building IoT systems with less-than-secure parts and materials. But if they get hacked, the financial cost of reputational harm - including lawsuits, or regulatory penalties - could make it much worse for them.
If organisations are to succeed with IoT – security has to be deeply embedded in their DNA. This involves a close, careful, and systematic examination of all potential weak points.
Dr Raymond Khoury, executive vice president and digital practice lead at Booz Allen Hamilton, MENA said: “IoT is fast becoming a part of every industry and nearly every aspect of our everyday lives - from connected cars and smart buildings, to intelligent homes and even medical devices like pacemakers and insulin pumps.”
“It is imperative that organisations visualise and understand the complex interconnections and intricacies of IoT to help identify where potential weaknesses and vulnerabilities lie so that adequate security efforts can be implemented in time. They need to understand that security cannot be an afterthought – it has to be part of everything you do with IoT,” Dr Raymond Khoury added.
Booz Allen Hamilton has identified that organisations with the best IoT security are proactive –they use real-time threat-assessment data and the latest advances in analytics to spot hidden IoT attacks.
Despite the high number of attacks, Oman’s National Computer Emergency Readiness Team has proven successful at handling the attacks and limiting the damage. In fact, the Global Cybersecurity Index, which indicates where countries stand in their cybersecurity engagement at the national level, ranks Oman as the third best prepared country in the world to thwart cyber attacks. The index looks at the level of commitment in five areas: legal measures, technical measures, organisational measure, capacity building, and international cooperation.
Recently, Oman displayed such readiness in the wake of the global ‘WannaCry’ ransomware cyberattack, where the government took preventative measures by shutting down government websites and e-services until the vulnerability was contained.
The IoT Field Guide includes a ‘resource prioritisation model’ that can further help organisations mitigate and contain any risks. The model contains three elements - the technical risk assessment, the potential impact of an attack on the business, and mitigation strategies. The comprehensive model ultimately empowers an organisation’s leaders and stakeholders to make effective IoT security investment decisions.
The process of building the model makes sure that different teams understand their interdependent risks, technologies, and investments and it helps serve as a common platform for IoT security dialogue across the enterprise.
More importantly, the model is an inclusive process that involves stakeholders from across the organisation, including human resources, security, IT, law and compliance, and vendor sourcing.
Once developed, the model becomes a living tool - one that’s regularly evaluated, updated, and discussed as part of the organisation’s broader security processes.
Danny Karam, vice president and digital life platform lead at Booz Allen Hamilton MENA, emphasised: “It is not enough that organisations discuss cyber threats in the IoT context. They must formalize them into clear policies that everyone will follow. This involves considering the real cost, buying hardware from manufacturers that can help scale their IoT systems, ensuring that their software and hardware aren’t connected to their IoT systems unless they are secure and, finally, incorporating solid fundamental cyber security practices across all levels.”